Niemeyer’s cylindrical Memorial dos Povos Indígenas (Praça do Buriti, Eixo Monumental, tel. 61/3226-5206, 9 a.m.–5 p.m. Tues.–Fri., 10 a.m.–5 p.m. Sat.–Sun.) imitates the traditional round dwellings of the Bororo Indians. The curving interior shelters an impressive collection of indigenous art—baskets, jewelry, weapons, hammocks, and feather headdresses—the majority made by groups from the surrounding Planalto region, especially around the Rio Xingu.
Particularly striking are the ceramic vessel made by the Warao people, intricately decorated with bird and animal motifs. Near the museum café, you’ll encounter some authentic and very attractive pieces for sale by local Indians.