Beijing’s mix of history, culture, and modernity make it an interesting and varied city for shoppers. If you’re on the hunt for traditional Chinese souvenirs like calligraphy wall-hangings, tea sets, chopsticks, fans, or jade bangles, you’ll find them in abundance at places like the Silk Market  (which, contrary to its name, is a sprawling, multi-story emporium and not a quaint bazaar).
Quirkier knickknacks can be found at the outdoor street markets on Dazhalan  and Liulichang, but most of the “antiques” on offer are rather newer than the vendors would have you believe. If you want something a little more unusual than the regular glut of Chinese souvenirs, the antique markets are rife with kitsch Mao statues, propaganda-style artwork, and retro ornaments.
Thanks to its rapid modern development, Beijing has no shortage of sleek, contemporary shopping malls. The pedestrian stretch of Wangfujing Street , east of the Forbidden City , is flanked with shopping centers; Financial Street  and the CBD have their fair share as well.
Somewhere in between the antique markets and the malls lie the more bohemian shops on and around East Gulou Avenue. The area is known for its artsy, well-worn feel, the street is lined with funky boutiques, vintage clothing shops, and stores selling one-off designs. Head down Nanluogu Hutong for the highest concentration of independent stores.
The idea of haggling can seem anathema to people who aren't used to doing it, but it's a necessity in Beijing if you don't want to be ripped off.
Where can you bargain? Almost anywhere that isn't a mall, a chain, or a restaurant. Markets are fair game, as are independent stores (that don't display "No Bargaining" signs).
Here are some tips: