Peru’s official language is Spanish, though about four million people in Peru’s highland population speak Quechua, the language of the Inca, also known as runa simi. Among Quechua speakers, there is a huge range variations depending on where they are located. These mini dialects have grown as a result of the isolating effects of Peru’s extreme geography. In the Lake Titicaca area, there is a smaller group of Peruvians who speak Aymara, the language of an ethnic group that spreads into Bolivia. In the Amazon lives 11 percent of Peru’s population, divided into 65 ethnic groups and about 14 linguistic families.
© Ross Wehner and Renée del Gaudio from Moon Peru, 3rd Edition