- Where to Go
- The Best of Nicaragua
- Nicaragua’s Best Surfing
- Hiking Nicaragua’s Ring of Fire
- Nicaraguan Arts & Crafts
- Nicaragua’s Great Green North
- Sportfishing in Nicaragua
- Down the Río San Juan
- Nicaragua’s Celebrations & Fiestas
- Volunteering in Nicaragua
- Diving & Snorkeling in Nicaragua
- Managua’s Revolutionary Driving Tour
In July of 1502 on his fourth and final voyage, Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón in Spanish) skirted Nicaragua’s Mosquito Coast, then continued on to South America. Seventeen years later, the conquistador Pedro Arias Dávila returned under orders from the Spanish crown to explore the land bridge of Nicaragua.
Indigenous leaders Nicarao and Diriangén engaged them in a brief battle. But irregardless, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba arrived soon after to establish Spain’s first settlements in the new land.
Córdoba settled Granada alongside the Chorotega communities on the banks of Lake Cocibolca, and forging farther inland and up the Tipitapa River, the settlement of León on the western shores of Lake Xolotlán. Nicaragua remained a part of Spain’s overseas possessions for the next 300 years under the governance of the colonial capital in Guatemala.
© Randall Wood & Joshua Berman from Moon Nicaragua, 4th Edition