John Brown Farm State Historic Site
In 1849, abolitionist Gerrit Smith, later joined by John Brown, established a farming community (2 John Brown Rd., off Rte. 73, 518/523-3900, 10 a.m.–5 p.m. Wed.–Sun. May–Oct., adults $2, children $1) for free blacks and escaped slaves in the Adirondacks.
Each new farmer was given 40 acres to till, but since few came prepared to cope with the region’s harsh climate, most left within a few years. Brown himself lived on the farm for several more years, in a trim cabin that has been nicely restored, and erected his own gravestone.
Brown was executed in Charlestown, Virginia, on December 2, 1859, following his seizure of the U.S. Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry. His body was shipped north to New York City, where his coffin was exchanged for a new one so that he would not be buried in Southern property. At each stop along the way upstate, his entourage was greeted with sympathetic crowds and tolling bells.
© Avalon Travel and Sascha Zuger from Moon New York State, 5th Edition