Chile’s national government consists of separate and legally independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The popularly elected president works out of Santiago’s La Moneda presidential palace but no longer resides there (there is no official presidential residence).
Based in Valparaíso, the bicameral Congreso Nacional (National Congress) consists of a 38-member Senado (Senate) and a 120-member Cámara de Diputados (Chamber of Deputies). Recent constitutional reform has eliminated eight so-called “institutional” senators, a Pinochet/Guzmán legacy that included ex-presidents and former armed forces heads. Based in Santiago, the 21-member Corte Suprema (Supreme Court) is the highest judicial authority.
© Wayne Bernhardson from Moon Chile, 2nd edition