The Government of Belize, or “GOB,” as you’ll see it referred to in the newspapers, is directed by an elected prime minister. The bicameral legislature, or National Assembly, comprises an appointed senate and elected house of representatives. Belize has two main political parties, PUP (People’s United Party) and UDP (United Democratic Party). As in most democracies, the political rhetoric can get very animated, but political-based violence is unheard of.
The current prime minister, Dean Barrow of the UDP, took the post from long-time PUP frontman Said Musa in 2008. Barrow’s party had been gaining ground in recent years, especially as PUP rulers became increasingly implicated in various corruption scandals.
The official GOB website is www.belize.gov.bz. The country’s constitution, judicial code, and other legal documents are explained and can be downloaded at the Ministry of the Attorney General’s homepage, www.belizelaw.org.
© Joshua Berman and Avalon Travel from Moon Belize, 9th Edition