South America Blog
About this blog
Wayne Bernhardson is the author of Moon Handbooks to Buenos Aires, Chile, Argentina, and Patagonia. Here he shares his vast knowledge of South America and its people.
- The Papal Cumbia
- The Uruguayan Sacraments: Tango & Mate
- Taxing the Tourist: Argentina's AFIP Aims Low
- Fortress Falklands: A Book Review
- Pope Argentinus I, The Musical: Ragtime Meets Tango
- Credit Where Credit Is Undue?
- ¿Adios Hugo?
- When "No" Is A Positive
- Chile and Its "Crazies"
- The Oscars: A Post Mortem, So to Speak
- Sacrificing the Atacama? A Chilean View of Dakar
- Chilean Oscar Faceoff? "No" v. "Kon-Tiki"
- Friday Digest: Southern Cone Nuggets
- Dancing in the Mud? The Andean Aftermath
- Floods & Mud: Summer Storms Hit the Andes
Chilean Oscar Faceoff? "No" v. "Kon-Tiki"
Several months ago, I wrote about director Pablo Larraín’s film No, the first Oscar nomination ever for a Chilean feature and, as the awards event approaches this coming Sunday, Larraín and other Chileans will certainly be paying attention. I can’t yet pronounce my own judgment on No, which has not yet reached theatrical release here in the Bay Area, though I read Larry Rohter’s recent New York Times profile of Larraín with great interest – No has generated some controversy in Chile, though necessarily not for the reasons one might think.
Other than No, I hadn’t paid much attention to the Oscar nominees but, I recently realized, there’s a second Chile-related film in the foreign language film category: Norwegian director Joachim Rønning’s Kon-Tiki dramatizes adventurer Thor Heyerdahl’s audacious 1947 expedition from Peru to Polynesia aboard a balsa log raft. Heyerdahl theorized that humans colonized Polynesia from Peru and, by successfully concluding his 101-day voyage across the Pacific, he at least proved such a voyage was possible.
Later, in 1955-6, Heyerdahl conducted excavations on Chile’s Pacific outpost of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) in search of evidence for his theory. To his eye, the presence of megalithic platforms such as Ahu Vinapu were direct evidence of connections between South America and Polynesia, but the balance of research overwhelmingly contradicts Heyerdahl’s speculations. While it’s conceivable that pre-Colombian peoples sailed west from Peru, Easter Island was colonized from the west, by Polynesian peoples, though it’s conceivable they reached South America first and returned.
Georgia Lee, an archaeologist who has done extensive work on Easter Island, probably reflects the professional consensus on Heyerdahl: In a recent email, she wrote me that “[W]hile I found him incredibly self-centered, he did have an interesting life.” Perhaps Heyerdahl’s greatest legacy is his willingness to ask big questions, even if he came up with the wrong answers. I might add that, even as a one-eighth Norwegian (one grandparent), that's as much as I'll grant him.
As for the Oscars, well, maybe it’s a stretch to link Kon-Tiki too closely to Chile. The closest the film crews got to Easter Island was the Maldives.